• Qualitative information / data

    • IN GENERAL

      Data that approximates or characterizes but does not measure the attributes, characteristics, properties, etc., of a thing or phenomenon. Qualitative data describes whereas quantitative data defines.

    • IN EVALUATING

      Observations or information expressed using categories (dichotomous, nominal, ordinal) rather than numerical terms. Examples include sex, survival or death, and first.

    Commentary

    Qualitative information or data is about qualities or characteristics rather than quantities or measured values. It is broad ranging and essentially non-numerical in nature. Qualitative information typically comes from interviews, focus groups, texts, and observations.

  • Quantitative information / data

    • IN EVALUATING

      Data that can be quantified and verified, and is amenable to statistical manipulation. Quantitative data “defines” whereas qualitative data “describes.”

    • IN EVALUATING

      Information that can be expressed in numerical terms, counted, or compared on a scale.

    Commentary

    Quantitative information or data is anything that can be expressed in numbers.

  • Quasi-equity

    • IN FINANCE

      A form of company debt that could also be considered to posses some traits of equity, such as being non-secured by any collateral.

    Practice & Source: (1) Finance/Impact investing: BusinessDictionary.com
    Commentary

    Although the definition refers to company debt, quasi-equity could also apply to debt that has some properties of equity that is owned by other organizations .

  • Quasi-experimental design

    • IN EVALUATING

      A methodology in which research subjects are assigned to treatment and comparison groups typically through some sort of matching strategy that attempts to minimize the differences between the two groups in order to approximate random assignment.

    Practice & Source: (1) Evaluation: USAID Glossary of Evaluation Terms